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  MANALI Manali  is a valley nestled in the mountains of the Indian state of  Himachal Pradesh near the northern end of the Kullu Valley, at an altitude of 2,050 m (6,726 ft) in the Beas River Valley.  It is located in the Kullu district, about 270 km (168 mi) north of the state capital, Shimla, 309 km (192 miles) northeast of  Chandigarh and 544 km (338 miles) northeast of  Delhi, the federal capital. The small town, with a population of 8,096,   is the beginning of an ancient trade route to Ladakh and from there over the Karakoram Pass on to Yarkand and Khotan in the Tarim Basin. It is a popular tourist destination and serves as the gateway to Lahaul & Spiti district as well as Leh.  HISTORY Manali is named after the Sanatan Hindu lawgiver Manu.  The name Manali is regarded as the derivative of 'Manu-Alaya' which literally means 'the abode of Manu'. Legend has it that sage Manu stepped off his ark in Manali to recreate human life after a great flood had deluged the world. Manali lies in the North of Kullu Valley. The valley is often referred to as the 'Valley of the Gods'. Old Manali village has an ancient temple dedicated to sage Manu. Before other luminaries started visiting Manali, India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru favoured this as a holiday destination in the mountains With the increase in disposable incomes and somewhat owing to the rise of disturbances in Kashmir in the late 1980s, Manali witnessed a surge in tourist traffic. This once quiet village was transformed into a bustling town with numerous homestays as well as the occasional luxury boutique hotel . During the warmer summer months, cafes and restaurants can be seen doing brisk business.    Old Manali Away from the hustle and bustle that the town of Manali is a backpacker's paradise. Lying at a distance of 3 kilometers uphill from the central city, Old Manali is often frequented by tourists from all across the world. Here you can sit back and relax in the lap of nature, away from the hullabaloo of city life. The serenity of Old Manali is perhaps unique. The swaying eucalyptus, gently winding roads, gushing waters of the Kullu river and beautiful hills of this destination make it the perfect natural retreat. Indulge in some delicious continental food at low prices here, and shop for knick-knacks from the local markets here. The sunrise and sunsets here are intoxicating, and you will surely love the energy of this place. Old Manali is most famous for its Hidimba temple. Tucked away in the lap of quiet nature, this destination is the perfect place to experience the pure beauty of Himachal Pradesh. Things To Do in Old Manali Old Manali is the perfect destination to try out some offbeat activities. You can hire a scooter and explore the roads of the city all on your own. Get your adrenaline pumping with the water rappelling activities available here, which will surely leave you gasping for breath. A nature walk here along with your camera is a must for this destination sure has a few sceneries to soothe the eyes. Don't forget to buy some of the delicious cherries which are famous here. Explore the true spirit of Himachal at Old Manali. How to Reach Old Manali Old Manali is a 3 kilometers away from New Manali and can be easily reached by a 20 minute uphill walk from the city centre.  Rohtang Pass Rohtang Pass  (Hindi:   रोहताग     दर  ) (Bhoti:  རོ་ཐང་།   Rohtang  , lit: རོ་  ( Ro)- corpse, ཐང་།  ( thang)- plain/field  [1]  due to people working in CBRE dying in bad weather trying to cross the pass) (elevation 3,978 m (13,050 ft) is a high mountain pass on the eastern Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas around 51 km (32 mi) from Manali. It connects the Kullu Valley with the Lahaul and Spiti Valleys of  Himachal Pradesh, India.  The first electric bus service at 13000ft altitude started on manali -rohtang pass The pass provides a natural divide between the Kullu Valley with a primarily Hindu culture (in the south), and the arid high-altitude Lahaul and Spiti valleys with a Buddhist culture (in the north). The pass lies on the watershed between the Chenab and Beasbasins. On the southern side of this pass, the Beas River emerges from underground and flows southward and on its northern side, the Chandra River (flows from the eastern Himalayas), a source stream of the river Chenab, flows westward. This pass is an ancient trade route between the people on either side of  Pir Panjal. The local name for this pass is a generic name of pass.There are many other passes in Lahaul and Spiti which have specific names (Kunzam La, Baralacha La, etc.). .   National Highway 21 (NH 21), the road through the Kullu Valley, past Manali and over the Rohtang Pass to Keylong,  and Lahul and on to Leh in Ladakh, has become very busy during the summer months as an alternate military route, following the Kargil Conflict in 1999 in addition to tensions in Kashmir.  Traffic jams are common as military vehicles, trucks, and goods carriers try to navigate the tight roads and rough terrain, compounded by snow and ice at certain points and the large number of tourist vehicles. In 2016, the Himachal Pradesh Government started issuing permits online to limit the vehicles to prevent pollution in this area. Permits are issued only to the first 800 petrol vehicles and 400 diesel vehicles. Permits can only be applied for next 2 days from the current date. Also, no permits are issued on Tuesday as the day is marked for maintenance of Rohtang. A tax of Rs. 500 and sometimes, a congestion charges of Rs. 50 is to be paid and accordingly the permits are issued based on daily quota defined by National Green Tribunal Act. 
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