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Assistive Technology e Guide At | Learning Disability | Individualized Education Program

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  -ssential Guide Assistive Technology A Parent's Guide by SchwabLearning.org  �� � �� �� ���������� �������� �������� ��� ������ ���� ����������� ���� ������� ��������� ���  �  �  �  �  �  � � ���� ������������������������������������������������������� �� e -ssential Guide ����   ����������������� ��������     ��������  �  �����  � page 2 Assistive technology (AT) is available to help individuals with many types of disabilities — fromcognitive problems to physical impairment. This article will focus specifically on AT for individuals withlearning disabilities (LD).The use of technology to enhance learning is an effective approachfor many children. Additionally, students with LD often experiencegreater success when they are allowed to use their  bilities (strengths) to work around their  disabilities (challenges). Assistivetechnology tools combine the best of both of these practices.This article will introduce parents to the role of AT in helping their children with LD. The better informed you are about AT the greater the chances are that your child will experience success in school,recreation, and eventually, at work. You will also want to learn how tochoose AT tools that are reliable and how to select technology that istailored to your child’s individual needs, abilities, and experience. What Is Assistive Technology for LD? Assistive technology for kids with LD is defined as any device, piece of equipment, or system thathelps bypass, work around, or compensate for an individual’s specific learning deficits. Over thelast decade, a number of research studies have demonstrated the efficacy of assistive technology for individuals with learning disabilities. 1 AT doesn’t cure or eliminate learning difficulties, but it can helpyour child reach her potential because it allows her to capitalize on her strengths and bypass areas ofdifficulty. For example, a student who struggles with reading but who has good listening skills mightbenefit from listening to books on tape.In general, assistive technology compensates for a student’s skills deficits or area(s) of challenge.However, utilizing AT does not mean that a child can’t also receive remedial instruction. AT andremedial instruction are not mutually exclusive. In fact, research has shown that AT can serve toimprove certain skill deficits (e.g., reading and spelling). 2,3 AT can increase a child’s self-reliance and sense of independence. Kids who struggle in school are oftenoverly dependent on parents, siblings, friends, and teachers for help with assignments. By using AT, kidscan experience success at working independently. What Types of Learning Problems does Assistive Technology Address? AT can address many types of learning difficulties. A student who has difficulty writing can composea school report by dictating it and having it converted to text by special computer software. A childwho struggles with math can use a hand-held calculator to keep score while playing a game with afriend. And a teenager with dyslexia may benefit from AT that will read aloud his employer’s onlinetraining manual. Assistive Technology for Kids with Learning Disabilities — An Overview For people withoutdisabilities,technology makesthings easier.For people withdisabilities,technology makesthings possible  — International Business Machines (IBM) 1991 trainingmanual  SchwabLearning .org   ����� ® page 3 There are AT tools to help students who struggle with:ListeningMathOrganization and Memory What Kinds of Assistive Technology Tools are Available? The term assistive technology usually applies to computer hardware and software, as well as other electronic devices. AT tools that support kids with learning disabilities include:Abbreviation expandersAlternative keyboardsAudio books and publicationsElectronic math worksheetsFree-form database softwareGraphic organizers and outliningInformation/data managersOptical character recognitionPersonal FM listening systemsPortable word processorsProofreading programsThere are also many non-electronic tools available to help kids with LD. Examples include:pencil gripsspecialty paper  Your Child’s Profile Here are several factors to consider when evaluating products for your child:What are er specific needs and challenges ? In what academic skill areas does shestruggle?What are er strengths AT should utilize your child’s abilities to help compensate for her disability.What is her interest, skill, and experience in using technology In what settings andsituations will she use the AT tool? AT can help a child with LD to function better at school as well as in other settings, such as home, work, social gatherings, andrecreational events. Assistive Technology for Kids with Learning Disabilities — An Overview ã Speech recognition programsã Speech synthesizers/Screen readersã Talking calculatorsã Talking spell-checkers and electronic dictionariesã Variable speed tape recordersã Word prediction programsã Readingã Writingã highlighting pens and tapeã planners Visit our  T Tools Database for more information:http://www.schwablearning.org/ATtools
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