1st Quiz in General Pathology August 25

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  1 st   Quiz in General Pathology August 25, 2016 100 items Topics: Cell Adaption, Injury, and Death (Dr. Abanilla, Chapter 2) Hemodynamic Disorders, Thromboembolic Disease, and Shock (Dr. Lasaca, Chapter 4) Abanilla Lasaca 1.   ABELLA 2.   ABIA Atrophy of the endometrium during pregnancy is due to _________. Loss of endocrine stimulation Significant volume of air embolus that will produce obstruction. 100cc 3.   ABRIL 4.   ADVINCULA Cause of free radicals Radiation Ischemic Necrosis  choices A.   Infarct   B.   Caisson's disease  C.   Both 5.   ALIP 6.   AVECILLA The following are free radicals except CO2 7.   BADILLA Responsible for the color of the skin Melanin 8.   BANARIO Enzymes responsible for enzymatic fat necrosis. LIPASE   Common site of DVT A. Calf B.Femur C. Popliteal  9.   BARONDA Adaptive change to skeletal muscle due to loss of nerve supply A.   Hypertrophy B.   Hyperplasia C.    Atrophy D.   Metaplasia True of hyperperimia except A.   Reflective mechanism B.   Characterized by pooling of blood C.   Mechanism for heat dissipation D.   Redness of an area 10.   BASALLAJE Post mortem A.   Rubbery B.   Gelatinous C.   +fibrin D.    A & B 11.   BATUCAN Free radicals are generated by A.   Ischemia reperfusion B.   UV C.   Redox rxns D.    All Air embolism is cause by A.   Chest trauma B.   Delivery/abortion C.   Pneumothorax D.    All 12.   BLANCO Nuclear change found in necrosis and apoptosis A.   karyolysis B.   pyknosis C.   karyohexis D.   all of the above Chronic depression A.   bends B.   chokes C.   caisson's disease D.   all of the above 13.   CADION True in white infarctions, except A.   seen in solid organs B.   due to arterial occlusion C.   due to venous occlusion D.   seen in spleen Remnants of cellular degradation product seen in atrophic cells A.   hemosiderin pigment B.   lipofuscin pigment   C.   lysosome D.   dystrophic calcification   14.   CAJUCOM, A.M Self destruction of irreversibly injured cells from the organelle: A.   Golgi Apparatus B.   Mitochondria C.   Lysosomes D.   Ribosomes White infarcts occur in A.   Loose tissues B.   End organs C.   Organs with dual blood supply D.   All of the above 15.   CANONOY 16.   CASTILO 17.   CASTILLO Bone calcification in old scars is called? Nutmeg liver is caused by? right sided heart failure, chronic passive congestion 18.   CONDE Depletion of ATP will result in? Imbalance of circulating blood volume and cardiovascular blood volume result in?  19.   CORADO 20.   DACURO Foamy cytoplasm in the area of fat necrosis is? A. Vacuolar degeneration B. Necrotic organelle C. Engulfed lipid D. Fatty change 21.   DELADIA Cerebral infarcts results? White infarct is commonly associated with? 22.   DILOY 23.   DIOSO 24.   DUAVIS Neutralizes effect of free radicals The mechanism of edema seen in patients with bee stings.  25.   DURAN Necrosis caused by bacteria. Liquefactive necrosis Imbalance of circulating blood volume and cardiovascular blood volume Shock 26.   DURANTE Inflow of blood in response to arterial dilation. A.   Congestion B.   C.   Both D.   None Degeneration of intracellular proteins in injured cells is due to:  A.    Activity of hydrolytic enzymes B.   Decrease in pH C.   Influx of Na D.   Mitochondrial rupture 27.   DY Foamy cytoplasm of macrophages seen on an area of fat necrosis is due to: a. vacuolar degeneration  b. n...  c. engulfed lipid  d. fatty change Patients with renal disease characterized by nephrotic syndrome has edema due to: Protein is wasted or lost 28.   GAYAS Enlargement of the kidney due to hypoplasia of the other kidney: a. Cloudy swelling b. Hypertrophy  c. Acute inflammation d. Fatty change Hallmark of early hemodynamic changes seen in acute inflammation: A.   Stasis B.   Leukocyte margination C.   Leukocyte emigration D.   Increased blood flow 29.   ILAGAN Stasis contributes to the development of  A.   Venous thrombi B.    Arterial thrombi C.   Both D.   Neither 30.   JADOC 31.   LAGUTAN 32.   LIM, A  33.   LIM, J 34.   MIONDA Membrane-bound cellular fragments readily phagocytized by macrophages  Apoptotic bodies Permeability is normal in Exudate 35.   MONTALLANA Hallmark of acute inflammatory Type of necrosis due to sudden loss of blood supply because of an occlusion of a blood vessel caused by an emboli 36.   MONTAO Defining characteristic of Transudate from exudate. An anucleated cell is a lethal cell injury as a result of ....  37.   NACIONALES Activation of Protease due to influx of Calcium cause damage to:  A. Cell membrane B. Mitochondria C. Cellular DNA D. Cytoskeleton Presence of Heart Failure Cells is seen in:  A. Left Congestive Heart Failure B. Right Congestive Heart Failure C. Both D. Neither 38.   NEJUDNE 39.   NOROA 40.   PARENA Liquefactive necrosis- complete obliteration of the tissue 41.   PLIMACO –  GARCIA One differentiated cell type is replaced by another cell type- METAPLASIA Female died after 24 hours from amniotic fluid emboli. It may be caused by: A.   Coronary artery occlusion B.   Saddle embolism of pulmonary artery C.   Cerebral artery occlusion D.   Dissemination of intravenous coagulation 42.   POLIDARIO Pattern of necrosis in brain due to occlusion of the middle cerebral artery A.   Coagulation necrosis B.   Liquefaction necrosis C.   Caseous necrosis D.   Fat necrosis 43.   PUMANES 44.   QUEJADA Lipofuscin is a cellular component of  A 36 y.o male who has a femoral fracture experienced dyspnea, cyanosis and eventually coma. What was the cause? A.   Arterial thrombosis B.   Air embolism C.   Phlebothrombosis 45.   RAMAS Intracellular transport of lipids: C. Lipoprotein Pooling of blood on small vessels.... CONGESTION 46.   REFUERZO 47.   ROBEL 48.   SALINAS Major role in pathogenesis of hydropic degeneration. Generalized edema  Anasarca 49.   SILAO Pattern of necrosis characterized by preservation of cellular wall? Coagulation necrosis 50.   SOLITE 50. Deposition of adipose tissue into the interstitium A. Fatty change B. Stromal fatty infiltration C. Edema D. Fat vacuolization Unfiltrated blood.. Urine
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