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Organized Crime

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Organized Crime
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  ORGANIZED CRIME    Avinash Rajput Criminology 2 nd  Semester Lok Nayak Jayprakesh Narayana National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science Ministry of Home Affairs  DEFINITION OF ORGANIZED CRIME  Organized crime is both a social system and a social world. The system is composed of relationships binding professional criminals, politicians, law enforcers, and various entrepreneurs. Block, Alan A. 1983   Any group having a corporate structure whose primary objective is to obtain money through illegal activities, often surviving on fear and corruption. Paul Nesbitt (Interpol)1993  "organized crime" means any continuing unlawful activity by an individual, singly or jointly, either as a member of an organized crime syndicate or on behalf of such syndicate, by use of violence or threat of violence or intimidation or coercion, or other unlawful means, with the objective of gaining pecuniary benefits, or gaining undue economic or other advantage for himself or any person or promoting insurgency; MCOCA 1996  CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIZED CRIME  Team Work.  Hierarchical Structure.  Planning.  Division of Labour.  Violence.  Effective control of its members.  Not limited to illicit services.  ACTIVITIES OF ORGANIZED CRIME  Narcotics distribution.  Gambling.  Prostitution.  Illegal Sale or Distribution of Firearms.  Money Laundering.  Kidnapping.  Human Trafficking.  Bank Robberies.  Blackmailing.  TYPES OF ORGANIZED CRIME  Gang Criminality.  Racketeering.  Syndicated Crime.
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