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MP443Class7FoodMfgProcessingStorage[1]

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MP443 Food Manufacturing, Processing and Storage Pest Control Classification 7 Training Manual Cooperative Extension Service University of Arkansas, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and County Governments Cooperating Edited by: Dr. John D. Hopkins, Assistant Professor and Extension Urban Entomologist, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service Contributors: Dr. John D. Hopkins, Assistant Professor and Extension Urban Entomologist, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Servic
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  Food Manufacturing,Processing and StoragePest Control Classification 7  Training Manual Cooperative Extension Service University of Arkansas, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and County Governments Cooperating MP443  2 Edited by: Dr.John D.Hopkins,Assistant Professor and Extension Urban Entomologist,University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service Contributors: Dr.John D.Hopkins,Assistant Professor and Extension Urban Entomologist,University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension ServiceDr.Becky McPeake,Extension Specialist - Wildlife,University of Arkansas CooperativeExtension Service  3 Preface This manual provides information for the Arkansas commercial pesticide applicator wishing tobecome certified in Food Manufacturing,Processing and Storage Pest Control – Classification 7.Tobecome a certified applicator in this category,a candidate must pass both a general standards exam andpass an examination based primarily on the material presented in this manual and (Circular 6) Arkansas Pest Control Law (Act 488 of 1975,as amended).Information covered in the general standardsexamination is contained in  A Guide for Private and Commercial Applicators:Applying PesticidesCorrectly .Refer to (Circular 6) Arkansas Pest Control Law (Act 488 of 1975,as amended) for specificrequirements.The Arkansas State Plant Board administers the examinations.Up-to-date study mate-rials can be obtained from the Arkansas State Plant Board,#1 Natural Resources Drive (P.O.Box 1069),Little Rock,AR 72203-1069,phone (501) 225-1598.Additional study information may be obtained fromthe University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service,the pesticide label,current publications onthe subject,pesticide distributors and manufacturers. Acknowledgments Information accumulates from direct observations,scientific literature and anecdotes from others.Information from these sources blurs together quickly,and consequently,unique ideas are rare in society.Credit for sources of information on urban pest control and management must go to Land GrantUniversity Extension and research workers,most of whom are entomologists,who pioneered this work,those who kept training and research alive during the period when the success of synthetic organic pesti-cides preempted nearly all but control evaluations from the 1940s to the 1960s,and those who persisttoday;Pest Control Industry workers who held training sessions nationally,regionally and locally whereinformation was disseminated among the experienced and provided to the inexperienced;EnvironmentalProtection Agency personnel who molded modern training and influenced the need for national unifor-mity in training requirements;state regulatory personnel who cooperated with universities and industryand who strongly emphasized the importance of training;and the few textbook authors in the UnitedStates and England who compiled the reference data in the understandable and usable form that allowsurban pest management practitioners to be professionals.Portions of this manual have been adapted from commercial applicator certification training manualsfor general pest control developed by the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service,Division of  Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources,Oklahoma State University;Texas Agricultural ExtensionService,the Texas A&M University System;and University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension,University of Nebraska-Lincoln.Also,special thanks go to Dr.Jim T.Criswell and Dr.Melinda Crockett,Oklahoma State University,Oklahoma Cooperative Extensive Service;Dr.Don L.Renchie (TexasCooperative Extension);Dr.Grady J.Glenn (Center for Urban and Structural Entomology),Texas A&MUniversity System;and Dr.Clyde L.Ogg,Extension Educator-Pesticide Education,University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension.Specific acknowledgments should go to the anonymous biological illustrators who graphically renderpest and beneficial animals where photographs fail. The pesticide information presented in this publication was current with federal and state regulations at the time of printing. The useris responsible for determining that the intended use is consistent with the label of the product being used. Use pesticides safely.Read and follow label directions. The information given herein is for educational purposes only. Reference to commercial products ortrade names is made with the under standing that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by the Cooperative ExtensionService is implied.  4 Food Manufacturing, Processingand Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5Overview of Managing Pest Problems inFood Related Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5Building Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5Creation of In-Plant SanitationProgram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9Inspection Observation Routine . . . . . . . .11Specialized Plant Inspections . . . . . . . . . .12 Food Manufacturing, Processingand Storage Integrated PestManagement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13What Is lPM? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13What Regulates Storability? . . . . . . . . . .13Monitoring Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15Trap Design and Attractants . . . . . . . . . .15Future Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16How to Use Insect Traps ina Warehouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 A Plan for Pest Management for thePopcorn and Seed Industry . . . . . . . . . . .19 Pesticide Labels, Applicationsand Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21Pesticide Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22Pesticide Residues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22Pesticide Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23Site Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23USDA Meat Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Insect Pests and Control . . . . . . . . . .26Moths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Almond Moth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27Indianmeal Moth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27Mediterranean Flour Moth . . . . . . . . .27Mealmoth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28Beetles and Weevils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28Lesser Grain Borer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28Cigarette Beetle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29Drugstore Beetle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29Confused Flour Beetle . . . . . . . . . . . .29Red Flour Beetle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30Sawtoothed Grain Beetle . . . . . . . . . .30Merchant Grain Beetle . . . . . . . . . . . .31Foreign Grain Beetle . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31Rusty Grain Beetle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32Spider Beetles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32Warehouse Beetle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33Other Dermestid Beetles . . . . . . . . . .33Cockroaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34Identification of Cockroaches . . . . . . . . . .34German Cockroach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 American Cockroach . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35Oriental Cockroach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35Brown-banded Cockroach . . . . . . . . . .35Flies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Ants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36Bees and Wasps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36Other Occasional Insect Pests . . . . . . . . .36Booklice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36Silverfish and Firebrats . . . . . . . . . . .37Crickets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37Ground Beetles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38Other Arthropods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38Sowbugs and Pillbugs . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Rodents and Their Control . . . . . . . .39Senses,Agility and Reactionsof Rodents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39Recognizing Rat and Mouse Signs . . . . . .39Rodent Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Equipment And ApplicationTechniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56Sprayers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56Dusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58Space Treating Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . .59 Respiratory Protection . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Air-Purifying Respirators . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Approval of Air-Purifying Respiratorsfor Pesticides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 Air-Supplying Respirators . . . . . . . . . . . .65 Selected References andStudy Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 Table of Contents Page No.Page No.
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