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Maldova

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Moldova From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the modern state. For the principality, see Moldavia. For other uses, see Moldova (disambiguation). Republic of Moldova Republica Moldova Flag Coat of arms Anthem: Limba Noastră Our Language Location of Moldova (green) – Transnistria (light green) on the European continent (green + dark grey) Capital (and largest city) Chişinău 47°0′N 28°55′E Official language(s) Moldovan (Romanian)1 Recognised regional languages Ga
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    Moldova   From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the modern state. For the principality, see  Moldavia .For other uses, see  Moldova  (disambiguation).    Republic of Moldova Republica Moldova   Flag   Coat of arms   Anthem: Limba Noastră  Our Language Location of  Moldova (green)  –   Transnistria (light green)on the European continent (green + dark grey)   Capital  (and largest city) Chişinău    47°0′N   28°55′ E   Official language(s) Moldovan (Romanian) 1     Recognised regional languagesGagauz, Russian,    andUkrainian  Ethnic groups (2004) 75.8% Moldovans 2 ,8.3% Ukrainians,  5.9% Russians,    4.4% Gagauzes,   2.2% Romanians 2 ,1.9% Bulgarians, 1.5% others andunspecified  [1]  (excl. Transnistria)  Demonym   Moldovan, Moldavian Government   Parliamentary republic   -President   Nicolae Timofti-Prime MinisterVlad Filat   -President of the Parliament   Marian Lupu   Consolidation -Declaration of Sovereignty     June 23, 1990-Declaration of Independence(from the Soviet Union)August 27, 1991 3   Area - Total 33,846 km 2  (138th)  13,067 sq mi- Water (%) 1.4  (incl. Transnistria) Population     - 2012 estimate 3,559,500 [2]  (129th 3 ) - 2004 census 3,383,332 [1]  (excl. Transnistria)- Density 121.9/km 2  (93rd)  316/sq mi GDP  (PPP)2011 estimate - Total $12.04 billion [3]  - Per capita $3,383 [3]   GDP  (nominal) 2011 estimate- Total $7.20 billion [3]  - Per capita $2,022 [3]   Gini  (2006) 37.1 (very high) HDI  (2011) 0.649 [4]  (medium)(111th)  Currency Moldovan leu ( MDL )  Time zone EET (UTC+2) - Summer(DST) EEST (UTC+3) Drives on the right ISO 3166 code MD  Internet TLD   .md Calling code   373 1 Moldovan used as formal official name; in factRomanian. [5]   2 There is a controversy whether Moldovans andRomanians are the same of different ethnic groups. 3 Proclaimed. Finalized along with the dissolution of the USSRin December 1991. 4 Ranking based on 2009 UN figure. Moldova   i /m ɒ l ˈ do ʊ v ə / ,officially the Republic of Moldova  (Moldovan / Romanian:  Republica Moldova    pronounced  [re ˈ publika mol ˈ dova] )is a landlockedstate in Eastern Europe located between Romania to   the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south. It declared itself an independent state with the same   boundaries as the preceding Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1991 as part of the dissolution of the Soviet   Union.A strip of Moldova's internationally recognized territory on the east bank of the river Dniester has been under the  de facto   control of the breakaway government of Transnistriasince 1990. The nation is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of   government.Moldova is a member state of theUnited Nations, Council of   Europe, WTO, OSCE, GUAM, CIS, BSEC and other international organizations. Moldova currently aspires to    join the European Union, [6]  and has implemented the first three-year Action Plan within the framework of   the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). [7]     Contents [hide]  1 Etymology 2 History  o   2.1 Prehistory  o   2.2 Antiquity and Middle Ages  o   2.3 Modern history     2.3.1 Russian Empire     2.3.2 Greater Romania     2.3.3 Soviet era 
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