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Big Data and the Illusion of Choice: Comparing the Evolution of India's Aadhaar and China's Social Credit System as Technosocial Discourses

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India and China have launched enormous projects aimed at collecting vital personal information regarding their billion-plus populations — and building the world’s biggest datasets in the process. However, both Aadhaar in India and the Social Credit
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  Big Data and the Illusion of Choice: Comparing the Evolution of IndiaÕs Aadhaar   and ChinaÕs Social Credit System   as Technosocial Discourses   "#$% "&#&$' #'( )*$ +&*', -./0&1.2$', $' !"#$%& !#$()#( *"+,-.(/ 0(1$(2 3 "4*1$#5 $667*8 9$, :#0# ;0&$16 #'( ).5$0$16 Saif Shahin American University School of Communication 4400 Massachusetts Avenue NW Washington, DC 20016 (512)299-6145 saif.shahin@gmail.com   SHAHIN & ZHENG SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW 2 Big Data and the Illusion of Choice: Comparing the Evolution of IndiaÕs Aadhaar   and ChinaÕs Social Credit System   as Technosocial Discourses   A BSTRACT  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